Phenomics - Carving crop ideotypes by phenomic tools and concepts

Technical advances in automation, imaging and remote sensing are opening up new opportunities for plant breeding. New plant characteristics sensed in the non-visible range of the spectrum may complement the "breeder's eye". While such characteristics are also playing a key role in other disciplines of plant biology, automation and throughput are key drivers for plant breeding applications. In the future, many traits currently assessed by breeders may be sensed with new phenotyping techniques. Furthermore, automation in combination with non-destructive measurements at high throughput and with high resolution allow quantifying plant's responses to biotic or abiotic stimuli. The assessment of such dynamics is currently beyond reach of classical plant breeding. But what are the most promising techniques and traits and how are they linked with yield? To what extent will the "breeder's eye" be replaced by such techniques? Will the plant breeding nursery of the future just serve to produce data for drones and suspended cameras? These and other questions will be addressed in the phenotyping section.

Part 1 - Chair: François Tardieu - Wednesday, 31.08.2016, 8.30 - 10.15
Keynote:

Matthew Reynolds (CIMMYT, Mexico)

"Phenotyping for Plant Breeding: combining precision with throughput"

 

Submitted oral presentations:

Achim Walter, ETH Zurich, Switzerland

Field Phenotyping Platform (FIP) - an automated multi sensor system for plant phenotyping in the field – first results

Catherine Giauffret, INRA AgroImpact, France

Association mapping for transition to autotrophic growth under chilling conditions in maize

Chantal Le Marié, ETH Zurich, Switzerland

Imaging of maize root traits in multiple field environments reveals high heritability but limited genotype-specific response to low nitrogen

Marvellous Zhou, South African Sugarcane Res. Inst., South Africa

Ideotype based breeding for sugarcane yield: a case study of using logistic regression models to identify optimum trait combinations in different breeding populations

 
Part 2 - Chair: Achim Walter - Wednesday, 31.08.2016, 10.45 - 12.30
Keynote:

François Tardieu (INRA Montpellier, France)

"A combination of phenotyping and crop modelling as a basis for genetic plant improvement"

 

Submitted oral presentations:

Jana Kholova, Int. Crops Res. Inst. for the Semi-Arid Tropics, India

Enhancement of SAT agricultural production; development of trait-based environment specific breeding pipeline at ICRISAT

Kristina Jonaviciene, Lithuanian Res. Centre for Agric.and Forestry

Modelling the growth of perennial ryegrass under water limiting conditions

Marco Maccaferri, University of Bologna, Italy

Whole genome QTL search for root system architecture in tetraploid wheat

Dina St. Clair, University of California, Davis, USA

Genetics and genomics of water stress tolerance in wild tomato